Author Topic: Criminalization of Ethnobotanicals by the International Narcotics Control Board  (Read 3861 times)

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Offline meme

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The link you posted has been removed.  Since many members here are infrequent visitors nowadays  this is the text they didnt want the internet underground seeing:

Dear all,The 2012 INCB report came out in which the International Narcotics Control Board continues with the coarse they set in their 2010 report (more info on the 2010 report: present the growing interest in psychoactive ethnobotanicals such as Iboga and Ayahuasca as problematic, abusive and for recreational purposes.(read page 46-47)-----6. Plant materials not under international control containing psychoactive substances328. The utilization of plant-based preparations that are not under international control and which contain natural psychoactive ingredients is often part of traditionalindigenous rituals, traditional medicine and religious ceremonies. Examples of the plants or parts of plants from which such preparations are concocted include khat(Catha edulis) from East Africa and the Arabian peninsula; ayahuasca, a preparation made from plants indigenous to the Amazon basin of South America, most importantlya jungle vine (Banisteriopsis capii) and another tryptamine-rich plant (Psychotria viridis), containing a number of psychoactive alkaloids, including DMT; the peyote cactus(Lophophora williamsii), containing mescaline; magic mushrooms (Psilocybe), which contain psilocybine and psilocine; Ephedra, containing ephedrine; “kratom”(Mitragyna speciosa), a plant indigenous to South-East Asia containing mitragynine; Salvia divinorum, a plant originating in Mexico that contains the hallucinogen salvinorin A;and iboga (Tabernanthe iboga), native to western Central Africa, containing the hallucinogen ibogaine.329. The Board pointed out some of the problems related to the use of those plant materials outside their original socioeconomic context in its annual report for 2010 (paras. 284-287).Since then, increasing interest in the use of such plant materials for recreational purposes has been noted, possibly encouraged by a lack of clarity with regard to the control statusof the plants at the national or the international level. At present, no plants, including the ones containing psychoactive ingredients, are controlled under the 1971 Convention,although the active ingredients they contain are sometimes subject to international control. For example, cathine and DMT are psychotropic substances included in Schedule Iof the 1971 Convention, while the plants and plant-based preparations that contain them, namely khat and ayahuasca, respectively, are not subject to any restrictions or control measures.This situation is seemingly exploited by drug trafficking networks and online retailers, resulting in increased trade, use and abuse of these plant materials in many countries.330. The easy availability of those plant materials through the Internet is evidenced in the 2011 EMCDDA survey on the online availability of new psychoactive substances in the European Union.According to that survey, the most commonly sold new psychoactive substances based on CHAPTER II. FUNCTIONING OF THE INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL SYSTEM 47natural products in Europe include “kratom”, Salvia divinorum, ayahuasca and hallucinogenic mushrooms.331. Furthermore, the Board notes the increasing popularity of practices that purportedly have spiritual connotations, such as “spiritual tourism”, under the cover of which the plant-basedpsychoactive materials are consumed. Several centres around the world offer “initiatory journeys” with the presence and assistance of a shaman. Some online travel agencies offer “initiatoryjourneys” “supervised” by shamans, although such events are usually totally outside the sociocultural context that they claim to represent. Shamanic practices during such initiatory journeys,such as trance, ecstasies, hallucination and divination, are reached mainly through the ingestion of preparations made out of plant materials containing the psychoactive substances mentioned above.332. The Board notes with concern that the use of those substances has been associated with various serious health risks (both physical and psychological) and even with death.The Board therefore wishes to draw the attention of Governments to the fact that the use of such plant materials for whatever purpose could be unsafe practice.333. In view of the health risks associated with those materials, a growing number of Governments have placed such material or preparations under national control, or are considering doing so,and are taking other measures to prevent negative health consequences of such use. For example, in 2009 Salvia divinorum emerged in Canada as a substance of concern;in 2010, an estimated 1.6 per cent of Canadians aged 15 years and over had used the substance in their lifetime and 0.3 per cent reported having used it in the past year.Although Salvia divinorum is not currently scheduled under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, Health Canada has proposed to include it as a controlled substance under that Act.In the United States, the substance has been placed on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s “Drugs and Chemicals of Concern” list. In addition, several states in the United Stateshave banned the substance.334. The Board reiterates its recommendation to the Governments of countries where the misuse and trafficking of such plant materials may occur to remain vigilant and recommends thatappropriate action be taken at the national level where the situation so requires.-------

Offline Stonehenge

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Talking about dangerous plants, why don't they bitch about tobacco which kills lots of people every year. They don't want the public to be able to control the way they feel.